How deep is deep? Imagining the MH370 search underwater


By Holly Yan and Ed Lavandera, CNN
April 11, 2014

(CNN) — Just how hard is it to find a plane at the bottom of the ocean?

Imagine standing on a mountain top and trying to spot a suitcase on the ground below. Then imagine doing it in complete darkness.

That’s basically what crews searching for Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 have been trying to do for a month.

Thursday is Day 34 in the search for the plane that disappeared March 8, taking with it 239 passengers and crew members.

Officials believe the Boeing 777, while en route from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, to Beijing, crashed in the southern Indian Ocean.

Pinning their hopes on signals they think came from the plane’s black boxes, they narrowed the focus of their search Thursday to a 22,400-square-mile (58,000-square-kilometer) area — about 45 times the size of Los Angeles.

But the real challenge is the depth of the water they’re dealing with.

Staggering depths

The underwater pulses that were detected Saturday, and again Tuesday, came from the ocean floor 15,000 feet below the surface. That’s 2.8 miles (4.5 kilometers). On Thursday, said officials said another signal may have been detected from sonar buoys.

How deep is 2.8 miles? It’s deeper than an inverted Statue of Liberty (305 feet), deeper than an inverted Eiffel Tower (1,063 feet), deeper even than an inverted Burj Khalifa, the tallest building in the world (2,717 feet).

In fact, if you stacked the Burj end-to-end five times, it would reach only 14,000 feet — still not deep enough to reach the spot searchers believe the pings are coming from.

At these depths, marine life is unlike anything most people have ever seen.

“The deeper you go you find less and less,” marine biologist Paula Carlson said. “They have to be very cold tolerant, they might not even have eyes. They may be blind, because they don’t need to see, there’s no light down there.”

Keep plunging

The pressure at nearly 15,000 feet is crushing — so much so that very few manned submarines can withstand it.

“There are only about half a dozen subs that can go to half the ocean depth with a number of countries having that capability,” said Sylvia Earle, an oceanographer for National Geographic. “If it gets to the point of collapse, it basically implodes, it just crushes.”

Only a handful of people have traveled to such staggering depths. One of them is movie director James Cameron, who using a state-of-the-art vessel, dropped 35,000 feet, or about 7 miles, to the deepest place on Earth — the Challenger Deep in the western Pacific Ocean.

Finding the plane is daunting. Bringing it back from the deep will be even more difficult.

“At these depths … there’s no recovery like it,” said Mary Schiavo, a former inspector general for the U.S. Department of Transportation.

When the Titanic struck an iceberg and sank in the Atlantic, it took some 70 years to discover the wreckage. It was resting 12,500 feet below the ocean’s surface, and it still lies there today.

When Air France Flight 447, with 228 people on board, plunged into the South Atlantic Ocean during a storm in 2009, the precise location of the wreckage remained a mystery for almost two years.

Then the plane and its dead were found in a mountain range 13,100-feet deep on the ocean floor. Miniature submersible vehicles retrieved the Flight 447′s voice and flight data recorders.

Eventually 154 bodies were recovered. Seventy-four still rest in the watery grave.

Not giving up

But Amirtham Arupilai isn’t accepting that fate for her son, Puspanathan, who was on board MH370.

“My inside and my heart is telling me still they are alive — all the passengers are alive,” Arupilai said.

Her son, an IT specialist, was headed to Beijing to begin a new job. To his parents, he was everything.

She calls Puspanathan’s cell phone and hears his voice mail greeting. She takes it as a sign he must be safe.

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  1. #1 by Fair&SQ on Saturday, 12 April 2014 - 7:54 am

    CNN, stop barking, get the satellite images for your own boss. Satellite images on March 8, 00:41 to 8:11 GMT+8, air space above Malaysia and Indian Ocean, show the original copies to the world, if you dare!

    • #2 by cemerlang on Saturday, 12 April 2014 - 6:21 pm

      how deep ? what’s a 27 year pilot doing with a 45 year old air stewardess ?

  2. #3 by yhsiew on Saturday, 12 April 2014 - 9:15 am

    Generally speaking most people fear a plane flying high up in the sky will drop down to earth and a submarine going deep down into the ocean will not be able to surface.

  3. #4 by Justice Ipsofacto on Saturday, 12 April 2014 - 10:30 am

    Height or depth as is the case is not a problem at all.

    Darkness? Maybe. To the human eyes, that is, but not to super high tech equipment. Military grade equipment could do the job I suspect but that would depend on how willing are those great military countries expose their secret technology.

    A real problem maybe ocean bottom silt deposit. It could be very thick and small items could be buried real deep under.

  4. #5 by pulau_sibu on Saturday, 12 April 2014 - 11:17 am

    sad that najip abandoned his leadership in the search for mh370. australian prime minister is now going around to announce and update about the search.

    malu boleh! malu najip!

    • #6 by cemerlang on Saturday, 12 April 2014 - 12:05 pm

      we are australian citizens now. somehow it matters more to the other countries ???

  5. #7 by pulau_sibu on Saturday, 12 April 2014 - 11:32 am

    our leader doesn’t know how to talk…he knows how to read but does not know how to answer questions.

    the leaders lost the trust because they kept changing the answers.

    so it was better to appoint the aussie prime minister to do the job.

  6. #8 by worldpress on Saturday, 12 April 2014 - 1:40 pm

    Could it be a hoax? China fuel price much higher, the plane fuel was full tank in Malaysia for 13 hours to and fro from Beijing.

    Was the plane landed in 8 hours or ran out of fuel in 8 hours in ocean?

  7. #9 by jaquiechang on Saturday, 12 April 2014 - 6:22 pm

    Mr LKS is trying to tell us its very very difficult task almost ” a fat hopeless hope ” that ppl got to face it … ( I m more concerned about : 1) who’s gonna bare t expenses of t SAR
    tax payers ?? Coz nobody’s is answering tis Q.(avoided)
    2) If ever found : who’s gonna hav custody of t black box FIRST HAND
    3) Why isn’t: Menteri Pertahanan, TLDM, TUDM, DCA being Question when military radar detected mh370 amiss & of incompetency ??

  8. #10 by john on Saturday, 12 April 2014 - 7:56 pm

    Is way TOO not right !.
    Normally or, in particular this case there have to be sighting of DEBRIS, DEBRIS, any bit floating before; any mathematical chance of locating ANY ping – ping sound, AND from SUCH depth ! . ( The first instance when Krisssy approached US for ping locator assets, at the very early stage was itself, a suspicious act then ).
    Something is just not right !!! . There has to have debris !!!!!!! .

  9. #11 by boh-liao on Monday, 14 April 2014 - 10:44 am

    Maha-liar MMK must b very pleased dat 1Msia totally dependent on Oz 4 d search n location of de black boxes

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