Sulu sultan defies Aquino – ‘Point of no return is nearing’


Philippines Inquirer
12:02 am | Wednesday, February 27th, 2013

Withdraw now, or face the consequences.

President Aquino yesterday warned Sultan of Sulu Jamalul Kiram III he would face the “full force of the law”—possibly including arrest—unless he withdrew his armed followers from Sabah, Malaysia, but the sultan was defiant, saying his men were staying put in the disputed territory.

Amid the President’s warning, officials of the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) met with Malaysian diplomats in Manila and simultaneously sent one of its senior officials to Kuala Lumpur to help end the crisis.

Justice Secretary Leila de Lima told the Inquirer Tuesday night that among those who could face arrest and charges were “principals by inducement and principals by direct participation.” She said the sultan could possibly be charged for being a principal by inducement.

At a press conference before flying to Cagayan de Oro City, where he was to campaign for the administration’s senatorial ticket, Aquino called on Sultan Kiram to order his followers in Sabah to come home, saying the situation was nearing “the point of no return.”

“We are fast approaching that point,” Aquino said, apparently referring to the 48-hour extended deadline imposed by Malaysian authorities for the group led by Raja Muda Agbimuddin Kiram, brother of the sultan, to leave the village of Tanduao village in Lahad Datu town.

The deadline was to expire at the last hour of Tuesday.

“This is a situation that can’t persist,” the President said. “This is the time to demonstrate that you are a true leader both in name and deed.”

Foolhardy act

Aquino stressed: “The right thing to do now would be to order your followers to return home as soon as possible… If you choose not to cooperate, the full force of the laws of the state will be used to achieve justice for all who have been put in harm’s way.”

Reminding the sultan that war had never been the Philippines’ policy in pressing its territorial claims, Aquino warned: “As President and chief executor of our laws, I have tasked an investigation into possible violations of laws by you, your followers, and collaborators engaged in this foolhardy act.”

He added: “May I remind you as well that… you are bound by the Constitution and its laws. Among your possible violations is Article II, Section 2, of the Constitution, which states that the Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy.”

The President drew the sultan’s attention to the Revised Penal Code, which punishes those who “provoke or give occasion for a war… or expose Filipino citizens to reprisals on their persons or property.”

“You are now fully aware of the consequences of your actions,” said the President.

Appeal rejected

The ailing Kiram sounded unmoved by the warning.

At a news briefing in his house in Taguig City, Kiram rejected the President’s appeal for him to immediately recall his men who have been occupying a part of Sabah for nearly three weeks.

“I have already given my order to them. And they have to stay put in that area,” Kiram said in a muffled voice.

He said his men would not go back home “until an arrangement has been done by our officials and the President, and if that will be arranged accordingly with a written agreement signed by the parties concerned.”

Kiram said that in the last conversation he had with Agbimuddin on Monday, his younger brother told him that he and their 235 followers were firm in their decision to stay despite a food blockade ordered by the Malaysian authorities.

Asked what actions Agbimuddin and his men might take if the deadline for them to leave Sabah expired, the Sulu sultan said: “I asked them to wait for orders from me or from my [other] brothers.”

Ready to be jailed

Kiram, who has been suffering from diabetes for years, said he was ready to go to jail if the government filed a case against him and members of his clan.

“It’s OK with me. I’m already 74 years old. An old man going to jail? It’s OK,” Kiram said. “I cannot understand what violation I made… I have always respected the Constitution. My brother went down there with his men and settled down in their own homeland. Is that a violation?”

Asked if he considered Aquino’s statement a threat, he said: “Maybe that’s a threat for us.”

In a statement read by his daughter, Princess Jacel Kiram, the sultan reiterated that Agbimuddin and his men “will not initiate the violence… But we are prepared to defend our lives and aspirations.” He said the Sabah issue “can be peacefully settled without threat, but in a diplomatic way.”

“Is it hard for Malaysia to sit down in a square table and to diplomatically settle the issue on the claim? All we ask is for Malaysia to sit down with the Kirams and come up with a win-win solution,” Kiram stressed.

Envoy to KL

Kiram insists he is the head of the Sulu sultanate, which once controlled parts of Borneo, including the site of the standoff. The sultanate leased the disputed area to Europeans in the 1870s.

While the sultanate’s authority gradually faded as Western colonial powers exerted their influence over the region, it continued to receive lease payments for Sabah, which became part of Malaysia in 1963.

Abraham Idjirani, the sultanate’s secretary general, said the decision of Kiram’s followers to hold their ground “is not a hardline stance.” Idjirani told reporters: “We welcome the statement of the President. It’s a development on the right track.”

Foreign Undersecretary Jose Brillantes has flown to Kuala Lumpur to help resolve the situation.

“We see that there would be a need for more people who would be able to help out in the coordination work… He’s there to help Ambassador (Eduardo Malaya) to help in coordinating the peaceful resolution of this issue,” said DFA spokesperson Raul Hernandez.

“Being a senior diplomat and being a former ambassador in Malaysia, he will also have some contacts and he would be able to coordinate well with the Malaysian authorities to be able to achieve the objectives to bring the group back home,” Hernandez said.

A ship the Philippines plans to use to ferry Kiram’s supporters home remains on standby in Tawi-Tawi.

Emergency meeting

De Lima called an emergency meeting with the Philippine National Police and the National Bureau of Investigation but declined to say anything except that she had given them specific assignments.

De Lima said the only directive Aquino gave them was for the PNP and NBI to “investigate, find out and determine violations of the law that the Kiram group have committed through their actions…. with the end view of filing charges if warranted.”

Asked if an arrest was in order after the sultan said his followers remained in Sabah, she said: “So be it if that is the case.” On whether the sultan and his followers would be arrested if they defied the President, De Lima said: “There is always that possibility.”

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  1. #1 by yhsiew on Wednesday, 27 February 2013 - 8:22 am

    Make sure Najib will not use the situation in Sabah to enforce emergency rule and halt GE13.

  2. #2 by lee tai king (previously dagen) on Wednesday, 27 February 2013 - 8:43 am

    ///“full force of the law”—possibly including arrest/// aquino was quoted in the article above.

    Wat??!! She must be out of her mind.

    Full force of the law includes suffering the death penalty and can not be a mere matter of arrest only.

    Unless … wtf, hoi kerismuddin wat sort of bargain you think you were striking at??

  3. #3 by monsterball on Wednesday, 27 February 2013 - 9:02 am

    Where is the old gas bag and loud mouth?
    He knows how to insult USA but back home…trouble brewing..he is not interested as it does not help him to promote his party nor his image.
    That’s how sincere he was…as a leader for decades.

  4. #4 by sheriff singh on Wednesday, 27 February 2013 - 10:48 am

    Maybe we should let the Philippines send in their Army to deal with this problem with their own citizens on our soil. Then they can all go home.

  5. #5 by on cheng on Wednesday, 27 February 2013 - 11:41 am

    This Sulu chief is a big time gangster, he always want his men to fight and die for nothing worthwhile !!

  6. #6 by on cheng on Wednesday, 27 February 2013 - 11:43 am

    (the full force of the laws of the state ),
    Aquino never say law of which state?? Malaysia or Philippines

  7. #7 by on cheng on Wednesday, 27 February 2013 - 11:44 am

    Comment nos 2, hey! m this Aquino is a male lah!, NOT female!

  8. #8 by mauriyaII on Wednesday, 27 February 2013 - 11:44 am

    Not a bad idea, Mr Singh but what if they decide to stay longer in the hope of getting Mykads and permanent citizenship? Our government might just close both eyes if they agree to vote for BN. The problem is if they refuse to go back. Can our army handle such a situation? Or, will our Home Minister say they can be rehabilitated into being model citizens.

  9. #9 by on cheng on Wednesday, 27 February 2013 - 3:43 pm

    Why waste time with these armed men who only know violent, fire some warning shots ( cangih punya missile) and see if it works, if NOT, then go ahead and sink one of their sampan !!

  10. #10 by Noble House on Thursday, 28 February 2013 - 12:43 am

    How the government acted indifferently is mind-boggling indeed. This can only lead to even more speculation on the part of the government’s actions taken so far. Is there something more to it than the government would like us to know? Could this be part of the contingency plan in view of the forthcoming election? If the Philippines is dragged into this conflict then I suppose the government would have every reasonable excuse to carry out what it had planned to do.

    Malaysian sure have enough reasons for concern.

  11. #11 by on cheng on Thursday, 28 February 2013 - 10:42 pm

    http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/222587
    latest news ! They (Sulu) dare to fire shot !! So….?

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